Sunday, February 22, 2015

Is Putin indeed better than Hitler was?

Speaking to the Reichstag in 1939, Hitler explained, "For months we have been suffering under the torture of a problem...which has deteriorated until it becomes intolerable for us. Danzig was and is a German city. The Corridor was and is German. Both these territories owe their cultural development exclusively to the German people...As in other German territories of the East, all German minorities living there have been ill-treated in the most distressing manner."

Speaking to Russian officials and allies in Crimea in 2014, Putin explained "In people’s hearts and minds, Crimea has always been an inseparable part of Russia...despite all the dramatic changes our country went through during the entire 20th century." Ethnic Russians, he said, have been "threatened with repression...In view of this, the residents of Crimea and Sevastopol turned to Russia for help in defending their rights and lives."


Britain and the European Union made a “catastrophic misreading” of Russia and President Vladimir V. Putin and “sleepwalked” into the Ukraine crisis, treating it as a trade issue rather than as a delicate foreign-policy challenge, British lawmakers said Friday in a scathing report.

For too long, the European Union’s relationship with Moscow had been predicated on the “optimistic premise” that Russia was becoming a democratic, law-abiding country, the report said, rendering member nations insensitive to the degree of Russian hostility toward European Union efforts to negotiate a closer political and economic relationship, known as an “association agreement,” with Ukraine.

European states “have been slow to reappraise the relationship and to adapt to the realities of the Russia we have today,” the report said, and lack a long-term strategic response.

The report concluded that the European Union had failed to appreciate “the exceptional nature” of Ukraine and its relationship to a more aggressive Russia in Mr. Putin’s latest term as president.

Britain failed to live up to its obligations in the 1994 Budapest Memorandum, which it signed with Russia, the United States and Ukraine, guaranteeing Ukraine’s territorial integrity and offering security “assurances” in return for Kiev’s renouncing its extensive nuclear arsenal, the report said.

“The U.K. had a particular responsibility towards the country, and it has not been as active or as visible as it could have been,” it said.

While the policy of the United States was not a direct topic for the report, the same criticism was implicit. Andrew Wood, a former British ambassador to Russia, said that the “misreading” of Ukraine applied to the United States as well as to Europe.

The report was prepared over nine months by the European Union external affairs subcommittee of the House of Lords and overseen by Christopher Tugendhat, a former member of the European Commission.

The report sharply criticizes Russia and the pro-Russian separatists in eastern Ukraine, and it recommends further Western economic sanctions in response to the fighting, which has continued despite another cease-fire.

Further European sanctions should follow Washington’s practice of targeting those close to Mr. Putin as opposed to middle-ranking officials in Crimea, the report said, and the European Union should consider extending sanctions into the Russian financial sector.

Europe is slow, USA is slow, Putin and his terrorist friends are moving fast, capturing new territories, and killing civilians. In the latest development, a bomb has killed at least two people, including a police officer, and injured at least 10 more people at a rally in Ukraine's second city Kharkiv. The rally was one of several being held, marking a year since the Kiev uprising that led to the fall of pro-Russia leader Viktor Yanukovych. Kharkiv lies outside the conflict zone in eastern Ukraine, but is one of the cities of interests of Vladimir Putin, whose plans include capturing it as parts of the long-term plans to create Novorossiya under Russian guidance. One of the official Russian government representatives announced that it was his agents who bravely killed the people in Ukraine, however, this statement was later withdrawn for political reasons. Four people, who arranged the terrorist act, were promptly arrested. During the initial investigation, they have admitted that they were armed and trained in Russia.

More to come. Pro-Russian separatists are building up forces and weapons in Ukraine's southeast and the Ukrainian military said on Saturday it was braced for a possible rebel attack on the port city of Mariupol, a city of half a million people and potentially a gateway to Crimea, which Russia annexed last March.

“If this failure continues, make no mistake, there will be further consequences including consequences that will place added strains on Russia’s already troubled economy,” John Kerry, the US secretary of state, told a press conference in London.

He said Barack Obama would “in the next few days” decide what “additional steps will be taken in response to the breach of this ceasefire”. Kerry foresaw “serious sanctions” being imposed.

Kerry, who had been in talks with Philip Hammond, the UK foreign secretary, described Russia’s conduct as “simply unacceptable”.

“Russia has engaged in an absolutely brazen and cynical process over these last days,” he said. “We know to a certainty what Russia has been providing to the separatists, how Russia is involved with the separatists.

“We’re not going to sit there and be part of this kind of extraordinarily craven behavior at the expense of the sovereignty and integrity of a nation.”

Hammond condemned the way in which the ceasefire agreement signed in Minsk had been “systematically breached”.

Well, maybe that is time to stop talking, warning, and bargaining, and start doing something? Russia is continuing to threaten the World with its nuclear weapon, capture Berlin again as in 1945, take California and Alaska from USA as native Russian land, and join forces with Iran to create a New Order on the Mother Earth. Ukraine is just a training polygon for cynical Russian government, and if we let it die in agony, Western Europe will be next!

There was an outstanding poster on one of the pro-government rallies in Russia “Putin is better than Hitler!” The person, who made it, was probably drunk, since it would be definitely funny, if it would not be so real and serious. Russia today is the Nazis Germany of 1936. Hopefully, there is still time to prevent Third World War by stopping Russia from the further conflict escalation!

Think about your children, stop Putin!

Sources and Additional Information:

Sunday, February 15, 2015

16 Techniques of Orgasmic Kissing: Kiss like a Pro?

“When a man takes his time to caress his lover’s mouth with deep, passionate kisses not only will he be awarded with increased arousal; he may actually awaken a full-blown orgasm for her.”

According to the Kama Sutra, a woman’s mouth perfectly mirrors her genitals: the lips like the labia, the Cupid’s bow like the clitoris and the hard palate just above the front teeth like the G-spot.

When a man takes his time to caress his lover’s mouth with deep, passionate kisses, not only will he be awarded with increased arousal; he may actually awaken a full-blown orgasm for her.

There are tons of nerve endings in your lips (100 times more than in your fingertips!) That stimulate desire. That is why smooching before, during, and after sex can be extremely arousing and satisfying (Krista bloom, PHD, author of the ultimate compatibility quiz).

6 Tips And Techniques To An Orgasmic Kiss

1. How to Start your Day?

Frankly, not many people use these advanced preparation techniques. It is not always practical as way, as sometimes the orgasmic kissing opportunity appears suddenly, and you should use it, or you may lose it forever. However, if you want to be prepared as much as possible, you may start such at the beginning of the day of meeting your partner. I am talking about exfoliating your lips, bringing them to the best, the most sensible and the most sensitive state. Yes, you can exfoliate the lips! Start by taking some Vaseline and putting on your lips. Leave the Vaseline on for five minutes, and then take a warm face cloth and in a gentle circular motion rub the towel around the lips removing the dead skin. Once you are done, place a light coat of Vaseline back on the lips. Soft lips make for the best kisses.

2. Hygienic Check

Kissing combines the three senses of taste, touch and smell with each being capable of eliciting strong, sexual responses from your partner. So make sure your teeth are brushed and flossed, and your breath is minty fresh.

Also, consider using a scraper to clean your tongue as well as an old toothbrush to exfoliate your lips. This will make your mouth a supreme instrument for seductive kissing.

That is the obvious suggestion, but still worth to mention. Shower. You should never go on a date without having showered shortly before. If you showered in the morning before you went out and you have a date at 8:00 PM, you need to shower again. A girl will not enjoy being close to you if you smell bad.

3. Perfect Mood

To achieve state of the perfect orgasmic kiss, your spiritual and emotional state should be right for that, and your body should be fine-tuned for that. You have to place your mind in a state where you are aware of all the sensations that bring you pleasure while you are kissing your partner. Perform mini self-meditation session to set aside all troublesome thoughts and worrisome life events you are living through, at the moment. Try to get to the “here-and-now” state of mind, when you and your partner are the only living creatures in the mini-universe.

As soon as you are getting distracted, you are starting emotionally losing your partner, no matter how hard you are trying to follow the recommended techniques to bring her the sensual and sexual pleasure. If your hormones are not “boiling”, it may be hard to get her hormones “boiling” as well.

If you have physical pain in your body, try to take painkillers ahead of time to minimize the risk your negative physical sensations may spoil your date.

4. Foreplay

Just as sufficient foreplay is needed to increase arousal and achieve orgasm during penetrative sex; the same rule also applies to a mouth orgasm. Rather than merely plunging your tongue into her mouth à la French kiss, build intensity and arousal by first softly licking and nipping around her mouth.

Combine love-bites and licks over the Cupid’s bow, into the corners and just beneath her lower lip. Include the sucking of her top and bottom lips. Alternate this with a soft swishing of your lips back and forth against hers and then pulling back to flick your tongue against her mouth.

These techniques will increase blood flow to her lips creating a wonderful tingling sensation.

5. How to Start?

Start by picking a perfect position for your kiss. If you are trying to make your woman reach orgasm by just kissing, you have to make sure that the position is perfect. Your body should completely touch hers. This way, you both will get excited and the fire will burn more and more between you two. Make sure that your erogenous zones especially lower body touches hers. This way you can easily excite your woman and help her reach orgasm. You will also be excited as the touch of a woman is killing! Be smart enough to use body movements while giving her the orgasmic kiss. Pushing your body against hers is a sexy trick that works well!

Whatever position you are in, take your hand and place it on the back of your partners neck. The palm of your hand should be at the base of the head and neck. Place the thumb right behind the ear. You can use your fingers to play with their hair. Now tilt the head to the desired position.

Gently pull your partner towards you. Gently rub your lips against theirs and take notice of the softness of your partner’s lips. Use the tip of your tongue to lick your partner’s lips, and when the moment is right, insert the tip of your tongue inside her mouth, and then pull back. You want to take your tongue and circle the tip of your partner’s tongue with yours and pull back. Try licking the top, underside, and the sides of their tongue and pull back. You want to continue doing this with rhythmic movements.

Men initiate open-mouth kissing to transfer libido-boosting testosterone to their partner. So when he's getting a little more aggressive, it's not just about his desire — he wants you to be a bit more amorous too (Study by the University at Albany).

6. Gentle Tickle and Dart

After the first few kisses, lightly tickle your partner's lips with the tip of your tongue. You do not want to lather his lips; just brush across them lightly like a butterfly's wings. This move conveys a touch of innocence tinged with a willingness to explore, and it can be very enticing to the person you are kissing.

Then gently press the tip of your tongue against your partner's lips. When your partner opens her lips to accept you, slowly and softly dart your tongue into his mouth and then pull it back out. You can continue darting your tongue in and out, as you vary the length of the contact. Take a cue from your partner's own response and do what feels natural to you both.

7. Attention to Details

Since people often give out what they would like to receive, pay attention to the way she kisses you — that's probably the way she wants you to kiss her.

When her lips are swollen and darker in color, it indicates that she is more than ready for you to take the plunge; much like her labia. Begin teasing her by gently sliding your tongue back and forth and in and out of her mouth.

Keep in mind that success with French kissing hinges on you relaxing your lips and opening your mouth only about halfway.

If you notice an increase in your saliva (this occurs naturally, as men become aroused) and wish to avoid slobbering, simply retract your tongue, kiss her lips with a closed mouth and take a moment to swallow the excess saliva before inserting your tongue again.

8. Soft Murmur

You may murmur a little "Mmm..." once in a while, as you're kissing. The sound alone lets your partner know how much you are enjoying the kiss, but the soft vibration this creates against his lips just might send a shiver through him.

Be careful not to murmur too much because it can be distracting and may even seem a little fake. Let the sound escape your lips naturally, when you are really feeling that kiss.

9. Spice It Up

When French kissing your lover, loosen your tongue and switch between flicking, lapping and poking. Include the occasional light sucking of her tongue.

Turn your mouth into a soft suctioning apparatus on her tongue. If you would like, suck on her tongue mimicking the way you would suck on her clitoris. She will catch on quite quickly and perhaps after that you can let her suck on your finger so that she can return the favor.

An especially seductive technique to try is the swirl and poke. With your mouth relaxed, you alternate a swirling action with your tongue with a poking action.

10. Secret Little Spots

The roof of a women’s mouth is a highly sensitive but often neglected erogenous zone. It is also directly connected to her G-spot. Begin by French kissing and then simply stretch your tongue up to the roof (palate) of her mouth where you gently rub and flick it.

This technique will certainly make her shudder since it is unexpected, ticklish and quite intense.

Another titillating technique is to run your tongue along the inside of her upper lip.  Women have claimed that this move have actually made their knees buckle!

11. Play with her Lips

If licking her lips makes you antsy and quickly wanting more, then begin sucking on her lips — one at a time though, no one wants to feel as though they have stuck their mouth on an opened vacuum.
Be careful when you suck on her lips; don't get too rough or you'll end up giving her a hickey, and I have yet to meet a woman who would appreciate that.

12. The Perfect Tempo

The best chance of triggering her mouth orgasm is to create a sensual rhythm. With all your probing and retreating, pushing and pulling and soft and rough kissing; it will take no time for the pulsating tempo to move from her mouth to the apex of her thighs; causing her to throb and swell in lust.

13. Do not Forget to Breathe

Take regular breaks to pull away and look into your partner's eyes. It will give you a chance to catch your breath and share a smile. Remember that it is not a sport competition, and you should not stretch yours or your partner’s abilities beyond the natural physiological limits. Everything should be easy, pleasurable, and fun.

Make sure that you give her a chance to breathe properly, so occasionally break off your mouth-to-mouth assault, and kiss her on other places of her face and body.

14. Be in Control

The next time you are kissing her, hold her face with your hands and kiss her the way you would like to be kissed. If the fact that you are taking control does not turn her on, then your sensual tongue will surely do the trick.

Try not to bump noses. To assure there will be no collision, slightly angle your face.

15. Perfect Invasion

Invading is a bold move designed to elicit a big response, and you should only do it if your partner is into full contact Frenching. When passions run high and the moment seems right, extend your tongue all the way into your partner's mouth using a combination of darting and swirling.

When you are invading, these techniques are bigger and bolder, but you still have to be careful not to overdo them. Otherwise, you run the risk of gagging your partner, and that is the surest way to ruin an awesome kiss.

The biggest mistakes men make in kissing is that they overpower a woman early on--diving straight into deep-mouth kissing--whereas a lot of women prefer to build up to that. So I tell men to think of kissing as a seduction that should start off simply and build in intensity as things progress (Eric Amaranth, sex-life consultant).

16. Move Beyond

Do not be shy, you are not confined to kissing just her lips — there is a whole face and body to explore. Why not French kiss her chin, her neck and her breasts? Or, kiss her eyes, the spot behind her ears or her wrists.

You would be surprised at the beneficial results that creativity can reap. All you really need is the willingness to try anything. If you have never been complimented on your kissing techniques before, now you will know the basics of being a professional kisser.

On the other hand, if, when you kiss a woman and then pull back, her eyes stay closed for just a moment longer, it usually means that she thoroughly enjoyed the kiss and there is a good chance that you can further seduce her if you like.

Sources and Additional Information:

Thursday, February 5, 2015

Is there any proof that homeopathic medicine works?

Respectable “Guardian” posted a question is there any proof that homeopathic medicine works. Here are some of the chose answers:

For two groups of people, yes. Those who have faith in it, and those that sell it (Michael Fisher, Brisbane, Australia).

You could have saved a lot of time and energy by writing. Is there any proof homeopathic medicine works? No! (Mike, Birkenhead).

Yep, homeopathy is right up there with numerology, palm reading, tea leaf reading, crystals, astrology and tarrot cards - it's all utter rubbish (Chris Carter, Christchurch, New Zealand).

No. Do you know what they call alternative medicine that works? MEDICINE! If you catch a cold and leave it alone it will take 7 days to leave, but use homeopathic pills and it will be gone in a week! Do not be so gullible that you reject the common sense you were born with (Edward Jenkinson, Darlington, United Kingdom).

Well, there were other respondents who claimed that for them personally homeopathy works just fine, the majority of answers were in the range from moderately negative to ultimately negative.

Basic Controversy

Homeopathic "remedies" enjoy a unique status in the health marketplace: They are the only category of questionable products legally marketable as drugs. This situation is the result of two circumstances. First, the 1938 Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, which was shepherded through Congress by a homeopathic physician who was a senator, recognizes as drugs all substances included in the Homeopathic Pharmacopeia of the United States. Second, the FDA has not held homeopathic products to the same standards as other drugs. Today, they are marketed in health-food stores, in pharmacies, in practitioner offices, by multilevel distributors, through the mail, and on the Internet.

History of Basic Misbeliefs

Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843), a German physician, began formulating homeopathy's basic principles in the late 1700s. Hahnemann was justifiably distressed about bloodletting, leeching, purging, and other medical procedures of his day that did far more harm than good. Thinking that these treatments were intended to "balance the body's 'humors' by opposite effects," he developed his "law of similars"—a notion that symptoms of disease can be cured by extremely small amounts of substances that produce similar symptoms in healthy people when administered in large amounts. The word "homeopathy" is derived from the Greek words homoios (similar) and pathos (suffering or disease).

Hahnemann and his early followers conducted "provings" in which they administered herbs, minerals, and other substances to healthy people, including themselves, and kept detailed records of what they observed. Later these records were compiled into lengthy reference books called materia medica, which are used to match a patient's symptoms with a "corresponding" drug.

Hahnemann declared that diseases represent a disturbance in the body's ability to heal itself and that only a small stimulus is needed to begin the healing process. He also claimed that chronic diseases were manifestations of a suppressed itch (psora), a kind of miasma or evil spirit. At first, he used small doses of accepted medications. However, later he used enormous dilutions and theorized that the smaller the dose, the more powerful the effect—a notion commonly referred to as the "law of infinitesimals." That, of course, is just the opposite of the dose-response relationship that pharmacologists have demonstrated.

The basis for inclusion in the Homeopathic Pharmacopeia is not modern scientific testing, but homeopathic "provings" conducted during the 1800s and early 1900s. The current (ninth) edition describes how more than a thousand substances are prepared for homeopathic use. It does not identify the symptoms or diseases for which homeopathic products should be used; that is decided by the practitioner (or manufacturer). The fact that substances listed in the Homeopathic Pharmacopeia are legally recognized as "drugs" does not mean that either the law or the FDA recognizes them as effective.

Because homeopathic remedies were actually less dangerous than those of nineteenth-century medical orthodoxy, many medical practitioners began using them. At the turn of the twentieth century, homeopathy had about 14,000 practitioners and 22 schools in the United States. However, as medical science and medical education advanced, homeopathy declined sharply in America, where its schools either closed or converted to modern methods. The last pure homeopathic school in this country closed during the 1920s.

Better than Placebo?

Homeopathic products are made from minerals, botanical substances, and several other sources. If the original substance is soluble, one part is diluted with either nine or ninety-nine parts of distilled water and/or alcohol and shaken vigorously (succussed); if insoluble, it is finely ground and pulverized in similar proportions with powdered lactose (milk sugar). One part of the diluted medicine is then further diluted, and the process is repeated until the desired concentration is reached. Dilutions of 1 to 10 are designated by the Roman numeral X (1X = 1/10, 3X = 1/1,000, 6X = 1/1,000,000). Similarly, dilutions of 1 to 100 are designated by the Roman numeral C (1C = 1/100, 3C = 1/1,000,000, and so on). Most remedies today range from 6X to 30X, but products of 30C or more are marketed.

A 30X dilution means that the original substance has been diluted 1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 times. Assuming that a cubic centimeter of water contains 15 drops, this number is greater than the number of drops of water that would fill a container more than 50 times the size of the Earth. Imagine placing a drop of red dye into such a container so that it disperses evenly. Homeopathy's "law of infinitesimals" is the equivalent of saying that any drop of water subsequently removed from that container will possess an essence of redness. Robert L. Park, Ph.D., a prominent physicist who is executive director of The American Physical Society, has noted that since the least amount of a substance in a solution is one molecule, a 30C solution would have to have at least one molecule of the original substance dissolved in a minimum of 1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 molecules of water. This would require a container more than 30,000,000,000 times the size of the Earth.

Oscillococcinum, a 200C product "for the relief of colds and flu-like symptoms," involves "dilutions" that are even more far-fetched. Its "active ingredient" is prepared by incubating small amounts of a freshly killed duck's liver and heart for 40 days. The resultant solution is then filtered, freeze-dried, rehydrated, repeatedly diluted, and impregnated into sugar granules. If a single molecule of the duck's heart or liver were to survive the dilution, its concentration would be 1 in 100200. This huge number, which has 400 zeroes, is vastly greater than the estimated number of molecules in the universe (about one googol, which is a 1 followed by 100 zeroes). In its February 17, 1997, issue, U.S. News & World Report noted that only one duck per year is needed to manufacture the product, which had total sales of $20 million in 1996. The magazine dubbed that unlucky bird "the $20-million duck."

Actually, the laws of chemistry state that there is a limit to the dilution that can be made without losing the original substance altogether. This limit, which is related to Avogadro's number, corresponds to homeopathic potencies of 12C or 24X (1 part in 1024). Hahnemann himself realized that there is virtually no chance that even one molecule of original substance would remain after extreme dilutions. However, he believed that the vigorous shaking or pulverizing with each step of dilution leaves behind a "spirit-like" essence—"no longer perceptible to the senses"—, which cures by reviving the body's "vital force." Modern proponents assert that even when the last molecule is gone, a "memory" of the substance is retained. This notion is unsubstantiated. Moreover, if it were true, every substance encountered by a molecule of water might imprint an "essence" that could exert powerful (and unpredictable) medicinal effects when ingested by a person.

Many proponents claim that homeopathic products resemble vaccines because both provide a small stimulus that triggers an immune response. This comparison is not valid. The amounts of active ingredients in vaccines are much greater and can be measured. Moreover, immunizations produce antibodies whose concentration in the blood can be measured, but high-dilution homeopathic products produce no measurable response. In addition, vaccines are used preventively, not for curing symptoms.

Stan Polanski, a physician assistant working in public health near Asheville, North Carolina, has provided additional insights:

* Imagine how many compounds must be present, in quantities of a molecule or more, in every dose of a homeopathic drug. Even under the most scrupulously clean conditions, airborne dust in the manufacturing facility must carry thousands of different molecules of biological origin derived from local sources (bacteria, viruses, fungi, respiratory droplets, sloughed skin cells, insect feces) as well as distant ones (pollens, soil particles, products of combustion), along with mineral particles of terrestrial and even extraterrestrial origin (meteor dust). Similarly, the "inert" diluents used in the process must have their own library of microcontaminants.

* The dilution/potentiation process in homeopathy involves a stepwise dilution carried to fantastic extremes, with "succussion" between each dilution. Succussion involves shaking or rapping the container a certain way. During the step-by-step dilution process, how is the emerging drug preparation supposed to know which of the countless substances in the container is the One that means business? How is it that thousands (millions?) of chemical compounds know that they are required to lay low, to just stand around while the Potent One is anointed to the status of Healer? That this scenario could lead to distinct products uniquely suited to treat particular illnesses is beyond implausible.

* Thus, until homeopathy's apologists can supply a plausible (nonmagical) mechanism for the "potentiation"-through-dilution of precisely one of the many substances in each of their products, it is impossible to accept that they have correctly identified the active ingredients in their products. Any study claiming to demonstrate effectiveness of a homeopathic medication should be rejected out-of-hand unless it includes a list of all the substances present in concentrations equal to or greater than the purported active ingredient at every stage of the dilution process, along with a rationale for rejecting each of them as a suspect.
* The process of "proving" through which homeopaths decided which medicine matches which symptom is no more sensible. Provings involved taking various substances recording every twitch, sneeze, ache or itch that occurred afterward—often for several days. Homeopathy's followers take for granted that every sensation reported was caused by whatever substance was administered, and that extremely dilute doses of that substance would then be just the right thing to treat anyone with those specific symptoms.

Dr. Park has noted that to expect to get even one molecule of the "medicinal" substance allegedly present in 30X pills, it would be necessary to take some two billion of them, which would total about a thousand tons of lactose plus whatever impurities the lactose contained.

NHMRC Homeopathy Review

NHMRC (National Health and Medical Research Council), respected governmental organization in Australia, is in process of reviewing the evidence for the effectiveness of homeopathy. The assessment of the evidence comprises a systematic review of available systematic reviews (an overview) on the effectiveness of homeopathy in treating a variety of clinical conditions in humans and a report on evidence submitted to the NHMRC prior to the commencement of the review. NHMRC also considered published guidelines and other government reports.

In April 2014, the first draft of the review has been released. Based on all the evidence considered, there were no health conditions found, for which there was reliable evidence that homeopathy was effective. No good quality, well-designed studies with enough participants for a meaningful result reported either that homeopathy caused greater health improvements than placebo, or caused health improvements equal to those of another treatment.

Homeopathy is not Dead

In the eyes of the modern science, homeopathy is a total fail. It should be laid to rest and relegated to a footnote in the history of science – a pre-scientific idea that survived into modern times as pseudoscience. We can squeeze it in somewhere after healing crystals and before humoral theory and iridology.

However, here comes the enigma – why does homeopathy persist at all? It seems that after the rise of science-based medicine in the early 20th century homeopathy was marginalized, but was able to survive because it had already entrenched itself sufficiently in politics and society. It then flew under the radar until the recent rise of CAM – the successful re-branding of fraudulent and unscientific modalities as “natural” and “alternative”.

So successful was this re-branding that the scientific community was partly cowed by the incessant demands for being “open-minded” and for “academic freedom.” This caused many scientists who should have known better to forget themselves, to look the other way while advocates slowly inserted nonsense into the health care structure and academic institutions.

We are beginning to see a push back in the scientific community. Michael Baum and Edzard Ernst have recently published a commentary in The American Journal of Medicine which reflects the new found “permission” within the medical community to once again call nonsense a nonsense, and close the door on failed therapies.

Should we keep an open mind about astrology, perpetual motion, alchemy, alien abduction, and sightings of Elvis Presley? No, and we are happy to confess that our minds have closed down on homeopathy in the same way.

Main Danger of Homeopathy

Many defenders of homeopathy argue that, “Who cares how it works, as long as it works.” There is a kernel of legitimacy to this argument (although it does not save homeopathy from being a pseudoscience) in that even in conventional medicine, treatments are often used before their mechanism of action is fully understood. There is a difference, however, between not fully understanding a mechanism and, as with homeopathy, violating basic laws of physics.  In such cases, it is necessary to demonstrate using carefully controlled clinical trials that such treatments do in fact work.

Indeed, there has been mixed results from clinical studies of homeopathy, but a clear trend when all the evidence is reviewed — the better designed the study the less likely there is to be any effect, and the best designed studies are negative. Homeopathy, it turns out, is no more effective than placebo (an inactive treatment).

Therefore, according to everything, we currently understand about biology, chemistry, and physics, homeopathy is highly implausible and should not work. Moreover, when we carefully study homeopathic remedies they in fact do not work.

Given that most homeopathic remedies contain little if any actual ingredients beyond water and sometimes sugar, it is unlikely that any direct harm could come from taking them. Improper preparation of remedies made from toxic or infectious material could pose some risk, and there have been reports of toxic contamination of homeopathic products.

Well, from time to time, it's understandable that a simple-to-administer placebo treatment might carry some benefit for doctors, where no medical intervention has a particular, proven effectiveness. In these scenarios, it could be argued that homeopathy might have had a role to play, providing a harm-free, effect-free placebo to help manage the otherwise unmanageable. However, homeopaths abuse this minor level of legitimacy to make claims about conditions the placebo effect could not possible treat. Cancer, HIV, malaria, yellow fever, autism, tuberculosis. They discourage people from seeking medical help when they most need it. It's time to stop lending support to quackery; time to give people the facts about this 200-year-old snake oil, before they choose to use it instead of the ever-improving and reliable interventions of modern medicine.

However, the most significant risk of homeopathy is that it often delays the use of accurate scientific diagnosis and truly effective medical treatment. Unnecessary injury, disability, and even death can result from the delusion that homeopathy is an effective treatment for any medical condition.

Sources and Additional Information: